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9 Landmark Judgements By Court That Changed The Course Of India

Published on: 1/10/18 2:15 PM

From Ajmal Kasab death sentence to recent Sabarimala Temple judgement, Supreme Court of India has been at its finest in declaring verdicts over the years.

Read the following notable decisions made by the supreme court judges bench in the following cases:

Golak Nath vs State of Punjab case 

This was the highly famous case where Supreme court held that parliament could not curtail Fundamental Right of individuals mentioned in Constitution of India. Supreme court held this judgement against parliament’s decision of taking away individual right of the citizen.

MC Mehta vs Union of India

This particular case enlarged the scope and ambit of article 21 and article 32 to include the right to free and pollution free environment. For this a PIl was filed by MC Mehta in 1986.

Vishakha guidelines

This case was related to Vishakha and other women groups who filed a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) against State of Rajasthan and Union of India. The court enforced fundamental rights for working women under Articles 14, 19 and 21 of the Constitution. This resulted in the introduction of Vishaka Guidelines. The judgment of August 1997 provided basic definitions of sexual harassment at the workplace and provided guidelines to deal with these types of cases.

Arushi Talwar case

This case received heavy media attention which involved the double murder 14 year old Arushi Talwar and 45 year old domestic helper, Hemraj. Earlier, sessions court convicted both her parents Rajesh and Nupur Talwar and sentenced them to life imprisonment. But later, after going into details of the case, supreme court had acquitted the couple. With this landmark judgement Supreme court proved that justice may get delayed but cannot be denied. Truth can never remain hidden for longer period.

NOTA judgement

In 2013, the Supreme Court introduced no-vote as an option for the country’s electorate. According to this judgment an individual would have the option of not voting for any candidate (None-Of-The-Above) if they find any of the candidates unworthy.

Right to privacy is a Fundamental Right

A long debated issue settled by supreme court where it held that Right to privacy is a fundamental right. These were some of the conclusions made by the judges bench,

Life and personal liberty are inalienable rights. These are rights which are inseparable from a dignified human existence. The dignity of the individual, equality between human beings and the quest for liberty are the foundational pillars of the Indian Constitution;

 Life and personal liberty are not creations of the Constitution. These rights are recognised by the Constitution as inhering in each individual as an intrinsic and inseparable part of the human element which dwells within;

 Privacy is a constitutionally protected right which emerges primarily from the guarantee of life and personal liberty in Article 21 of the Constitution. Elements of privacy also arise in varying contexts from the other facets of freedom and dignity recognised and guaranteed by the fundamental rights contained in Part III.

Triple Talaq Unconstitutional

In a landmark Judgement, Supreme court declared the practice of triple talaq as unconstitutional by a majority of 3:2. The plea against triple talaq was filed by six petitioners  Shayara Bano, Ishrat Jahan, Bharatiya Muslim Mahila Andolan, Gulshan Parween, Aafreen Rehman, and Atiya Sabri.

Gay sex is not a crime

In a recent judgement supreme court proved that consensual adult gay sex is not a crime. Supreme court concluded with a following statement here,

“Consensual sex between adults in a private space, which is not harmful or women or children, cannot be denied as it is a matter of private choice. Section 377 results in discrimination and is violative of  constitutional principles”

Supreme court opened the doors of Sabarimala temple for all women

Recent judgement has been given by the supreme court which once again ensured gender equality at religious places. 5 bench judges ruled out that women of all ages must be allowed in Kerala’s renowned Sabarimala temple.

About the author

Rajat Goswami

Rajat Goswami

Avid traveller and a passionate blogger. Contributes on day to day issues happening around the globe and on various other diverse topics with a right blend of personal touch and analogy.

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